Az előadás letöltése folymat van. Kérjük, várjon

Az előadás letöltése folymat van. Kérjük, várjon

BioModel Bt. 1112 Budapest Vadon u. 21. www.biomodel.hu 1 Modellare necesse est… Béla Tolnai Re-Water Braunschweig 2015 „Integrated Concepts” Sewage recycling.

Hasonló előadás


Az előadások a következő témára: "BioModel Bt. 1112 Budapest Vadon u. 21. www.biomodel.hu 1 Modellare necesse est… Béla Tolnai Re-Water Braunschweig 2015 „Integrated Concepts” Sewage recycling."— Előadás másolata:

1 BioModel Bt Budapest Vadon u Modellare necesse est… Béla Tolnai Re-Water Braunschweig 2015 „Integrated Concepts” Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment I do not know if it is better if it is different. But it has to be different when it should get better. Georg Christoph Lichtenberg

2 2 Modellare necesse est… Cleaning only the used water Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment 2013 The whole amount of sludge Used water

3 3 Modellare necesse est… The CARISMO process Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment 2014

4 4 Modellare necesse est… Definition of wastewater Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment Wastewater is the end-product of industrial or communal water consumption; essentially it is any kind of water that has been polluted to the effect of anthropogenic impact or, respectively, its original quality has degraded.waterpolluted Wikipédia The sewage is the complex mix of different pollutants and water. The polluters' big part may not be with accurate molecule combination and a construction, or in no way not necessary (not economical) to define. Pulai Judit (VE) - Helmut Kroiss - Karl Svardal (TU Wien - Austria) Sewage = the mix of waters with different contamination, which we mix up ! Wastewatertreatment = ambition onto the re-separation of the components.

5 5 Modellare necesse est… Composition and quantity of communal wastewater Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment Blackwater (urine + faeces) contains 99% of bacteria, 98% of nitrogen and 90% of phosphorus. Source: Tolilettes Du Monde, 2009

6 6 Modellare necesse est… Local sewage utilization (No mixture !!!) Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment Only the greywater is needed to clean!

7 7 Modellare necesse est… Sewage utilization in large wastewater treatment plant Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment

8 8 Modellare necesse est… The reinterpretation of the terminology? Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment Today Tomorrow

9 9 Modellare necesse est… Reengineering the work of wastewaterteatment plant Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment A hasznosítás maximálása érdekében a teljes iszap- mennyiségmennyiség leválasztandó. A víz megtisztításához nem jöhet szóba az iszapot biofilmhordozóként használó technológia. OPEX and CAPEX értelemben hatékonynak nem minősíthető elveniszapos technológiát fel kell váltsa a biológiai szűrés. Kezelni, tisztítani csak az előülepítő utáni fáradt vizet (used water) kell !

10 10 Modellare necesse est… Pollutent or supplier of raw material? Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment Would I be polluting? I can’t help it, that they clean instead of utilisation. The stock they do not pay for delivering but, I buy the carrier medium, the water to it though!

11 11 Modellare necesse est… Enzyme kinetics (Michaelis-Menten) Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment The result The differntial equastion system Reduce the activate energy Pitching the patterns

12 12 Modellare necesse est… Kinetics of microbial reproduction (Monod) Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment Monod-coefficient Logistics function Reproduction of relative growth Binary fission

13 13 Modellare necesse est… Equal and standard particle diameters Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment

14 14 Modellare necesse est… Interpretation of the Pe-number Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment where w [m/s]is the filtering rate d m [m]is the standard particle diameter (in the case of sand filter it is equal to the typical particle diameter) D s [m 2 /s]is the diffusion factor of substrate (the decomposable pollutant)

15 15 Modellare necesse est… The result of dimension analysis Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment

16 16 Modellare necesse est… Reproduction and mortality Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment

17 17 Modellare necesse est… Interconnecting processes Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment TheoryWhat is it about? The place of occurrence Key parameter Michaelis-Menten kinetics Metabolism of cellsCellReaction rate Monod kinetics Microbial reproduction BiofilmRelative growth factor Theory of biological filtering Biological filtering Biological reactor Filtering factor

18 18 Modellare necesse est… ? Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment

19 19 Modellare necesse est… The filtration process Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment Serial proceeding Partial ProcessDriving forceMaintened by Convective flow (persolation) to the biofilm Pressure differentPumping Conductive flow (diffusion) into the biofilm Concentration differentWork of bacteria Bio-chemical degradation inside the biofilm Redox envinronment Life-drive of bacteria Feedback Logistic terms Climatic conditions

20 20 Modellare necesse est… Newton’s laws and Maxwell’s equations are axioms. They are sound not just because they are straight reasonable, rather because the consequences drawn from them are equal to reality. Károly Simonyi Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment Axiomatical foundation of the theory biological filtration  The biofilm serving as a habitat for bacteria can stick only to a solid surface.  Contamination to be extracted from the water (which, at the same time, is a nutrient itself) has not only to be transported to the biofilm but needs to be ingested there, as well. The optimization of nutrient supply logistics and the maximization of the surface serving for microbial colonization can be achieved at a low Péclet number.  The biochemical process within the biofilm is regulated by the laws of the Michaelis-Menten enzyme kinetics. Microbial reproduction is described by the Monod kinetics.

21 21 Modellare necesse est… A biológiai szűrés axiomái Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment 1.A biofilm megtapadásához szilárd felületre van szükség. 2.A tápanyagot a biofilmhez kell szállítani. 3.Nem elég azt odaszállítani be is kell juttani. A logisztikai feladatot a Pe-szám jellemzi és alapvetően fizikai természetű. 4.A biofilmen belüli reakciókat a Michaelis-Menten és Monod kinetikák szabályozzák. A biokémiai történés klimatikus feltételeit a pH és az rH = rH (hőmérséklet, redoxpotenciál) adják.

22 22 Modellare necesse est… Axioms of biological filtration Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment 1.For adhesion the biofilm a firm surface is required. 2.The nutrients has to transport to the biofilm. 3.It is not enough that we transport, the nutrient must go in. The logistics task is characterized by the Pe-number and has basically physical character. 4.The reactions within the biofilm are controlled by the Michaelis-Menten and Monod kinetics. The climatic conditions of biochemical events is given by pH and rH = rH (temperature, redox potential).

23 23 Modellare necesse est… The formula trough heuristic ideas Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment

24 24 Modellare necesse est… Thickness of the active layer Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment Jekel’s ExperimentResult of Experiment w= 0,28 m/d (bankfiltration) Parameter: oxic / anoxic Biological active réteg: L ~ 1,5-5 m,

25 25 Modellare necesse est… Filtration of the pharmaremains Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment Jekel’ ExpeimentResult of Experiment w= 0,28 m/d (~bankfiltration) Dosage of known compounds Easily and difficult degradation of materials

26 26 Modellare necesse est… Measurements of watsh the biofilm Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment

27 27 Modellare necesse est… Biological Diversity Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment Variety of enzyms, that the „Great Creator” has constructed, The Biological (Bacteria) Diversity Houshold of microorganisms Figure with inconstant bulk in „the barcode”, the result of PCR measurement

28 28 Modellare necesse est… Anaerob sludge digestion Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment

29 29 Modellare necesse est… Do some homework Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment

30 30 Modellare necesse est… The standard grain diameter ? Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment

31 31 Modellare necesse est… The biological filtertheotie Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment

32 32 Modellare necesse est… ? Sewage recycling instead of wastewater treatment

33 33 A közműolló zárása nem indokolt Modellare necesse est… Nem lehet cél a közműolló zárása, nem kell mindenütt csatornázni, csak azért, mert az EU mondja!

34 34 A díjolló zárásának szükségessége Modellare necesse est… Csatornahasználati díj Vízdíj Környezetterhelési járulék A környezetterhelési járulék kivetése téves meglátáson alapszik. A „fizessen a szennyező” elv csak ürügy az adó behajtásához. Nem ösztönöz környezettudatos csatornahasználatra. = rezsicsökkentés

35 35 Szennyvíztisztítás = környezetszennyezés !!! Modellare necesse est… KOI g/m 3 O 2 Lebontás g/m 3 O 2 CO 2 / (H 2 O +CO 2 ) Keletkező g/m 3 CO 2 Keletkező szennyvíz Mo.-on m 3 /fő/d Lakosság Mo.-on efő Keletkező szennyvíz Mo.-on em 3 /d Keletkező CO 2 Mo.-on t CO 2 /d Keletkező CO 2 Mo.-on kg CO 2 /fő/év Össz CO 2 kibocsátás Mo.-on kg CO 2 /fő/év Keletkező CO 2 kibocsátás Mo.-on % Szennyvíz ,664950, ,26 Fáradt víz ,662310, ,12 A szennyvízhasznosítás feleakkora lábnyomot hagy, mint a szennyvíztisztítás. Az energetika CO 2 lábnyoma messze a legnagyobb!

36 36 Köszönöm a figyelmet ! Modellare necesse est…


Letölteni ppt "BioModel Bt. 1112 Budapest Vadon u. 21. www.biomodel.hu 1 Modellare necesse est… Béla Tolnai Re-Water Braunschweig 2015 „Integrated Concepts” Sewage recycling."

Hasonló előadás


Google Hirdetések