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HUNGARIAN MUSIC AND ENTERTAINMENT IN ’50s-’60s. FIFTIES- YEARS OF HARD DICTATURA „Who is not with us, is against us” ( Rákosi Mátyás )

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1 HUNGARIAN MUSIC AND ENTERTAINMENT IN ’50s-’60s

2 FIFTIES- YEARS OF HARD DICTATURA „Who is not with us, is against us” ( Rákosi Mátyás )

3 FIFTIES- YEARS OF HARD DICTATURAS The typical music style of these years is labour movement songs sang in big official parades ( like on 1st of May or 4th of April- the day of expulsion of naci’s by Russian army)

4 Old movement songs, like „ Internacionálé”, „Marseilles” New hungarian songs, like: „Itt van május elseje” ( „It’s 1th of May”) Russian labour movement and partisan songs like: Poljuska, Az amuri partizánok dala ( Partisan song from Amur- side), Bunkócska And songs of „kuruc” / Rákóczi- rebellion age ( ) Csínom Palkó, Balogh Ádám nótája.

5 One of the most popular song was „ Sej, a mi lobogónkat” ( a text was written by Ferenc Jankovich in 1947, melody was an old „csángó” folk music ), it was official song of NÉKOSZ Many short political songs / „csasztuska” was written at that age.

6 Films Three film types with their typical and famous songs: 1) a Hungarian freedom fighter, revolutionary history, pathetic and romantic films Like: 1953: „ Rákóczi- hadnagya” ( Lieutenantof Rákóczi, Director: Bán Frigyes) or „ Feltámadott a tenger” ( „Risen the sea”, directed by Kalman Nadasdy, Ranódy László )

7 Many parts of Rákóczi hadnagya can be found on Youtube. com

8 Films, like „ Déryné” (directed by Márton Keleti, „Mrs. Déry”, she was famous actress in XIX. Century)

9 •2) happy, musical comedies and operettes: Like: „ Dalolva szép az élet” ( „ With singing life becomes beautiful ” directed by Keleti Márton) or „ Mágnás Miska” („ Magnate Mick” )

10 1950 directed by Keleti Márton - Dalolva szép az élet (actors: Latabár Kálmán, Tompa Sándor, Gózon Gyula)

11 Mágnás Miska LATABÁR BROTHERS As stupid aristocrats Miklós GÁBOR As Mágnás Miska Ági MÉSZÁROS

12 Songs of Mágnás Miska can be found on Youtube. com

13 „ Liliomfi” ( „Mr. Lilly jr.” historical comedy, 1954 directed by Makk Károly – actors: Dajka Margit, Balázs Samu, Krencsey Marianne, Darvas Iván) Can be found on Youtube. Com too

14 3) Sportsfilm Like: -Civil a pályán ( „ Civil on the football field” with famous sportspeakers: Szepesi György and Gulyás Gyula ) -Kétszer kettő néha öt ( „ Two times two is sometimes five”, about sport gliders, 1954, with many popular songs, it’s on You tube too!!!!)

15 In cities… Couples were rarely dancing in public, public halls were closed. Hungarian Radio ( Magyar Rádió) boadcasting classical, labour movement and rarely „ esztrád”/ dancing songs…

16 Famous „esztrád” / dance- singers Hollós Ilona ( ) Zsolnai Hédi ( ) Ákos Stefi ( )

17 At countriside…. Till 1955 there was no radio- broadcasting and till 1957 there was no Tv- bradcasting for them ….. So young men and women dance and sing old fashioned songs …meet in barn-balls and in weddings..

18

19 Sixties: years of soft dictatura „ Who is not against us, is with us” ( Kádár János)

20 •After 1960 liberalization began with the „3T /three Ts" (tűrés=tolerance tiltás= prohibition támogatás= support), and a long period of cultural struggle began.

21 Was supported….. - Classical music -Folk ( and Roma) music -labour movement songs -esztrád

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23 Many previously banned musical styles are allowed, like -jazz - rock-and-roll ( American music style) And there was no requirement to play sowiet music and style everywhere. But hardrock and metal was prohibited

24 Many posibilities of entertainment were opened - New caféhouses bars pubs - Community centers -Táncdalfesztivál /dance song festival ( old got talented festival) for young performers

25 And fashionable dresses, hair were allowed.

26 Famous dance-singers.. Mikes Éva ( ) Kovács Erzsi ( 1928-) on youtube! Toldy Mária ( 1938-) on youtube too! Mother of Andrea Malek

27 Sárosi Katalin ( ) Vámosi János and Záray Márta ( duet) Poór Péter Etc. Aradszky László and Korda György are active singers now!

28 Handsome singers like Koós János

29 Németh Lehel Songs find on Youtube. com Handsome and lyric

30 For home parties….. -New musical radio -( later TV-) broadcasting ( model was Radio Luxemburg) -New edited Hungarian music albums and imported „western” albums -Many purchaseble tape recorder

31 WOW!

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33 New-style pop singers •Koncz Zsuzsa •Zalatnay Sarolta •Harangozó Teri •Komár László •Bródy János •Sztevanovity Zorán

34 New-style pop-bands -Illés zenekar / band -Express ( with Solymosi Tóni) -Metro

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36 Famous: Máté Péter Singer, composer…. On youtube: Egyszer véget ér.. ( It will be finished one day) Most élsz ( You live now) Ez itt az én hazám ( This is my country) SONGS ARE GOOD!!!!

37 Famous: Kovács Kati Dinamic, powerfull, cool

38 And now Kovács Kati

39 Famous: Zalatnay Sarolta On youtube: Hosszú forró nyár ( Long hot summer) Hol jár az eszem? (What am I doing?)

40 Then and now…

41 Famous: Koncz Zsuzsa On youtube too!!! 29 album!!!! Ha én rózsa volnék ( If I were a rose) Sárga rózsa ( Yellow rose) Ahogy lesz, úgy lesz

42 Then and now

43 KONCZ ZSUZSA SZTEVANO- VITY ZORÁN METRO EGYÜTTES

44 Famous: Harangozó („Bim-bam”) Teri On Youtube: Mindenkinek van egy álma (Everyone has a dream) Azok a szép napok (Those good days…)

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46 Famous band: Omega Many songs On youtube Like… Ha én szél lehetnék ( If I could be a wind) Petróleum lámpa Gammapolis….

47 Famous band: Illés együttes

48 ILLÉS


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